10 Best Steps to Designing Climate Responsive Architecture
Climate responsive architecture..Buildings contribute very close to half of the energy use in Thailand. Since energy is the number one supporter of the global warming environment, an obvious way to reduce climate change is to design low energy use buildings everywhere.
To do so means going back to the core and looking very carefully at how the design of a building is enhanced to the particular features of a specific site to minimize the potential of excessive energy use.
Steps to Climate Responsive Architecture
Climate responsive architecture takes into excellent consideration seasonality, the direction of the sun (solar position and sun path), natural shade provided by the nearby topography, significant environmental factors (such as humidity, rainfall, wind), and climate data (historical weather patterns, temperature, etc.) to design pleasant and energy-efficient homes.
Perform a Site Analysis
Determine the weather patterns, soil types, climate, direction and wind speed, the path of the sun, and heating degree days. Look at the habitat, water flows, and geology of the site. Document each with a qualified team of experts to understand the consequences of building in that specific area.
Design the Building on the Area
Using an integrative design process, use the building structure’s basic massing to determine specifically on-site the ideal location for the buildings to be situated. Factors to consider here are:
Access to infrastructure.
Asking what trees and other existing geological features should be keep away or how water will flow across the site can dictate the building’s location.
Plan With the Sun in Mind
It’s all about the sun, so, plan to place the structure based on the cardinal directions. The main goal is to increase the amount of sun that heats space in the winter (resulting in using low energy to mechanically heat) and decrease the amount of sun that cooks the building in the summer season (resulting in less energy to mechanically relaxed).
The Window Considerations
South facing facades should make use of a window area appropriate to its orientation, and glazing should use a double or triple-paned glass with a Low-E coating. It lowers the amount of heat transferred into space in the hottest months while keeping heat inside during the cold winter months.
For example, south-facing glass windows wall will cook the resident inside during the hot summer months if proper care is not taken to provide shade on the façade.
Building for Geographic Area
When designing the building’s envelope, factors such as insulation, air barriers, and vapor barriers
will vary dramatically depending on whether the project is in the cold, snowy north, the hot and humid south, or the arid desert.
Minimize the Building Footprint
Question the real needs of the program. Do you need that much area? Are there other ways that spaces can become more multi-functional quickly?
Do we need that many private level offices if some staff can communicate time to time and share offices? Once your team is set on the minimization program, have a look at the size of your footprint.
Is it possible to add different stories to make the print smaller? That way, the building will have fewer excavation costs and more wall areas
that can benefit from the sun’s warming effects and an increase in natural daylighting.
Design for Natural Ventilation
Therefore hot air rises; a building can be chill by designing for stack ventilation by drawing chilled
air from openings low in the structure while carrying heat away through gaps in space’s top.
The speed therefore at which the air moves are a function of the vertical distance between the outlets and inlets, the difference in temperature over the room’s height, and their size. It could stop occupants from experiences sick building syndrome.
Check more: Best Residential Architectural Design